Working software is the primary measure of progress for software development teams. This is one of the principles of the Agile Manifesto and has led agile software teams to focus on implementing the most important features of a system early and efficiently. These teams usually provide frequent deployments of the software in order to receive feature validation from the business and to show project progress. The benefits are quick and frequent feedback for the developers and congruous applications for the business.
The practice of automated continuous deployment ensures that the latest checked in code is deployed, running, and accessible to various roles within an organization. Project managers can have a place to check on project progress, testers have a view into the latest builds, developers can see the their modules working with the modules from other team members, and stakeholders can see how their requirements have been translated into working software. Tomcat and tc server easily integrate with continuous integration servers to allow agile teams to realize continuous deployment while utilizing a lean application server (another practice of agile teams). You can start practicing continuous deployment very quickly using Tomcat or tc server, Jenkins, and your source control system of choice.
The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.26
This release is primarily a bug fix release and includes numerous bug fixes compared to version 7.0.25. The notable bug fixes include:
@HandlesTypesprocessing which no longer loads all classes on web application start.
Please refer to the change log for the complete list of changes:
Note that this version has 4 zip binaries: a generic one and three bundled with Tomcat native binaries for Windows operating systems running on different CPU architectures.
One of the new features with Tomcat 7 is a replacement to the commons-dbcp connection pool. While the commons-dbcp connection pool works fine for small or low traffic applications, it is known to have problems in highly concurrent environments (think multi-core/multi-cpu).
Fortunately, this is where the JDBC Connection Pool excels. It is a completely new connection pool which has been written from the ground up, with a focus on highly concurrent environments and performance.
Given its focus on high concurrency and performance, many users are finding that the JDBC Connection Pool can be great for use in a production environment. This article will discuss the features and options which make using the JDBC Connection Pool a great choice.
Getting started with the JDBC Connection Pool is very simple. It was purposefully designed as a drop-in replacement for commons-dbcp and as such, if you've ever used commons-dbcp you'll be immediately familiar with the configuration for the JDBC Connection Pool.
This means the most existing commons-dbcp users can switch to the JDBC Connection Pool by simply adding the following property to their configuration factory=”org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSourceFactory”.
What about the other commons-dbcp configuration options? You don't need to change them at all. Virtually all of the commons-dbcp configuration options are supported by the JDBC Connection Pool. Including but not limited to: testWhileIdle, testOnBorrow, testOnReturn, maxActive, minIdle, maxWait, initialSize, removeAbandoned, removeAbandonedTimeout and logAbandoned.
The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.25
This release includes numerous bug fixes and several new features compared to version 7.0.23. The notable new features include:
2011 has been a great year for the Tomcat Expert community. After almost 2 years of operating, the Tomcat Expert has hit its stride, unloading an array of new information, as well as keeping you up to date with the newest releases for Apache Tomcat 6 and Apache Tomcat 7. With the addition of two new Tomcat Expert Contributors, (Channing Benson and Daniel Mikusa), the Tomcat Expert community continues to build on its reputation for being the leading source for fresh perspectives and new information on how to best leverage Apache Tomcat in the enterprise.
My last article for Tomcat Expert described various aspects of the Valve construct of Apache Tomcat: some basics about how to implement and configure a valve and an example of where things could go wrong if you were unaware of the operational details. For those of you who don’t remember (or didn’t read the article in the first place), the key takeaway was that because Tomcat valves are maintained as a chain, the order in which the valves are added to the configuration (typically in conf/server.xml) is significant, and the code that implements the filter must conclude with a call to invoke the next filter in the chain.
This time we’re going to lighten things up a bit with a general survey of what valves are available and how one might put them to use. Given the imminent arrival of the winter holiday season, one might think of it as the Apache Tomcat Valve Gift Catalog. Peruse it and find just the right gift for your favorite Tomcat administrator.
For each valve, I’ll describe its functionality, the most important configuration parameters, and point out any configuration subtleties that might not be apparent from the stock documentation. that can be found at http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-7.0-doc/config/valve.html. If there are any less well-known attributes or “secret” parameters associated with the valve, I’ll describe them.
The AccessLogValve can be configured at the context, host, or engine level and will log requests made to that container to a file. Attributes of AccessLogValve control the directory, the filename, and the format of the data to be written, including the ability to write information about headers (incoming and outgoing), cookies, and session or request attributes.
The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 6.0.35 stable.
Apache Tomcat 6.0.35 is primarily a security and bug fix release. All users of older versions of the Tomcat 6.0 family should upgrade to 6.0.35.
Note that is version has 4 zip binaries: a generic one and three bundled with Tomcat native binaries for different CPU architectures.
The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.23
This release includes numerous bug fixes and several new features compared to version 7.0.22. The notable new features include:
Please refer to the change log for the complete list of changes:
This article is the second in a series discussing how to performance tune the JVM to better run Apache Tomcat. In the first article, we discussed the basic basic goals and how to monitor the performance of your JVM.
If you have not read the first article, I would strongly suggest reading that before continuing with this article. It is important to understand and follow the processes outlined in that article when performance tuning. They will both save you time and prevent you getting into trouble. With that, let's continue.
At this point we've covered the basics and are ready to begin examining the JVM options that are available to us. Please note that while these options can be used for any application running on the JVM, this article will focus sole only how they can be applied to Tomcat. The usage of these options for other applications may or may not be appropriate.
Note: For simplicity, it is assumed that you are running an Oracle Hotspot JVM.
Have you ever seen this scenario before? A user has deployed an application to a Tomcat server. The application works great during testing and QA; however, when the user moves the application into production, the load increases and Tomcat stops handling requests. At first this happens occasionally and for only 5 or 10 seconds per occurrence. It's such a small issue, the user might not even notice or, if noticed, may choose to just ignore the problem. After all, it's only 5 or 10 seconds and it's not happening very often. Unfortunately for the user, as the application continues to run the problem continues to occur and with a greater frequency; possibly until the Tomcat server just stops responding to requests all together.
There is a good chance that at some point in your career, you or someone you know has faced this issue. While there are multiple possible causes to this problem like blocked threads, too much load on the server, or even application specific problems, the one cause of this problem that I see over and over is excessive garbage collection.
As an application runs it creates objects. As it continues to run, many of these objects are no longer needed. In Java, the unused objects remain in memory until a garbage collection occurs and frees up the memory used by the objects. In most cases, these garbage collections run very quickly, but occasionally the garbage collector will need to run a “full” collection. When a full collection is run, not only does it take a considerable amount of time, but the entire JVM has to be paused while the collector runs. It is this “stop-the-world” behavior that causes Tomcat to fail to respond to a request.
Fortunately, there are some strategies which can be employed to mitigate the affects of garbage collections; but first, a quick discussion about performance tuning.