TomcatExpert

Blogs

Blog : Apache Tomcat 7.0.26 Released

posted by Stacey Schneider on February 22, 2012 10:48 AM

The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.26

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This release is primarily a bug fix release and includes numerous bug fixes compared to version 7.0.25. The notable bug fixes include:

  • Improved @HandlesTypes processing which no longer loads all classes on web application start.
  • Ensure that POST bodies are available for reply after FORM authentication when using the AJP connectors
  • Corrected a regression that broke annotation scanning for many use cases including web applications packaged as WARs and many embedded scenarios.

Please refer to the change log for the complete list of changes:
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-7.0-doc/changelog.html

Note that this version has 4 zip binaries: a generic one and three bundled with Tomcat native binaries for Windows operating systems running on different CPU architectures.

Read More

0 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Apache Tomcat 7

Blog : Using the Tomcat 7 JDBC Connection Pool in Production

posted by dmikusa on January 23, 2012 03:14 PM

One of the new features with Tomcat 7 is a replacement to the commons-dbcp connection pool. While the commons-dbcp connection pool works fine for small or low traffic applications, it is known to have problems in highly concurrent environments (think multi-core/multi-cpu).

Fortunately, this is where the JDBC Connection Pool excels. It is a completely new connection pool which has been written from the ground up, with a focus on highly concurrent environments and performance.

Given its focus on high concurrency and performance, many users are finding that the JDBC Connection Pool can be great for use in a production environment. This article will discuss the features and options which make using the JDBC Connection Pool a great choice.

The Basics

Getting started with the JDBC Connection Pool is very simple. It was purposefully designed as a drop-in replacement for commons-dbcp and as such, if you've ever used commons-dbcp you'll be immediately familiar with the configuration for the JDBC Connection Pool.

This means the most existing commons-dbcp users can switch to the JDBC Connection Pool by simply adding the following property to their configuration factory=”org.apache.tomcat.jdbc.pool.DataSourceFactory”.

What about the other commons-dbcp configuration options? You don't need to change them at all. Virtually all of the commons-dbcp configuration options are supported by the JDBC Connection Pool. Including but not limited to: testWhileIdle, testOnBorrow, testOnReturn, maxActive, minIdle, maxWait, initialSize, removeAbandoned, removeAbandonedTimeout and logAbandoned.

Read More

5 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Operations | jdbc-pool, Apache Tomcat 7

Blog : Apache Tomcat 7.0.25 released

posted by Stacey Schneider on January 23, 2012 10:47 AM

The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.25

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This release includes numerous bug fixes and several new features compared to version 7.0.23. The notable new features include:

  • Align the Servlet 3.0 implementation with the changes defined in the first maintenance release (also known as Rev. A.). See the JCP documentation for a detailed list of changes.
  • Add support for connectors to automatically select a free port to bind to. This is useful when embedding and for testing.
  • Update to Commons Pool 1.5.7, Commons Daemon 1.0.8 and Eclipse JDT compiler 3.7.1.

Read More

2 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Apache Tomcat 7

Blog : Year in Review 2011

posted by Stacey Schneider on January 4, 2012 07:31 AM

2011 has been a great year for the Tomcat Expert community. After almost 2 years of operating, the Tomcat Expert has hit its stride, unloading an array of new information, as well as keeping you up to date with the newest releases for Apache Tomcat 6 and Apache Tomcat 7. With the addition of two new Tomcat Expert Contributors, (Channing Benson and Daniel Mikusa), the Tomcat Expert community continues to build on its reputation for being the leading source for fresh perspectives and new information on how to best leverage Apache Tomcat in the enterprise.

Read More

0 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Executives | Cross-site Scripting, Java Development, Parallel Deployment

Blog : Apache Valve Catalog

posted by chanthing on December 21, 2011 05:48 AM

1. Introduction

My last article for Tomcat Expert described various aspects of the Valve construct of Apache Tomcat: some basics about how to implement and configure a valve and an example of where things could go wrong if you were unaware of the operational details. For those of you who don’t remember (or didn’t read the article in the first place), the key takeaway was that because Tomcat valves are maintained as a chain, the order in which the valves are added to the configuration (typically in conf/server.xml) is significant, and the code that implements the filter must conclude with a call to invoke the next filter in the chain.

This time we’re going to lighten things up a bit with a general survey of what valves are available and how one might put them to use. Given the imminent arrival of the winter holiday season, one might think of it as the Apache Tomcat Valve Gift Catalog. Peruse it and find just the right gift for your favorite Tomcat administrator.

For each valve, I’ll describe its functionality, the most important configuration parameters, and point out any configuration subtleties that might not be apparent from the stock documentation. that can be found at http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-7.0-doc/config/valve.html. If there are any less well-known attributes or “secret” parameters associated with the valve, I’ll describe them.

 

2. Request Logging

2.1 Access Log Valve

The AccessLogValve can be configured at the context, host, or engine level and will log requests made to that container to a file. Attributes of AccessLogValve control the directory, the filename, and the format of the data to be written, including the ability to write information about headers (incoming and outgoing), cookies, and session or request attributes.

Read More

0 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Tomcat Configuration, Tomcat Performance, Tomcat Valves

Blog : Apache Tomcat 6.0.35 Released

posted by Stacey Schneider on December 6, 2011 12:09 PM

The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 6.0.35 stable.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Apache Tomcat 6.0.35 is primarily a security and bug fix release. All users of older versions of the Tomcat 6.0 family should upgrade to 6.0.35.

Note that is version has 4 zip binaries: a generic one and three bundled with Tomcat native binaries for different CPU architectures.

Read More

2 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Apache Tomcat 6

Blog : Apache Tomcat 7.0.23 Release

posted by Stacey Schneider on November 27, 2011 12:08 PM

The Apache Tomcat team announces the immediate availability of Apache Tomcat 7.0.23

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This release includes numerous bug fixes and several new features compared to version 7.0.22. The notable new features include:

  • The ability to start and stop child containers (primarily Contexts: i.e. web applications) in parallel which can significantly improve start times. This is disabled by default but can be enabled by setting the startStopThreads attribute of a Host to a value greater than one.
  • Cache the results of parsing the global and host level context.xml files to improve start times.
  • Improve the handling of failed deployments so that a broken application can be fixed (e.g. via JMX) and another attempt made to start it rather than it having to be removed.

Please refer to the change log for the complete list of changes:
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-7.0-doc/changelog.html

Read More

0 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Apache Tomcat 7

Blog : Performance Tuning the JVM for Running Apache Tomcat

posted by dmikusa on November 22, 2011 09:13 AM

This article is the second in a series discussing how to performance tune the JVM to better run Apache Tomcat. In the first article, we discussed the basic basic goals and how to monitor the performance of your JVM.

If you have not read the first article, I would strongly suggest reading that before continuing with this article. It is important to understand and follow the processes outlined in that article when performance tuning. They will both save you time and prevent you getting into trouble. With that, let's continue.

Tuning the JVM

At this point we've covered the basics and are ready to begin examining the JVM options that are available to us. Please note that while these options can be used for any application running on the JVM, this article will focus sole only how they can be applied to Tomcat. The usage of these options for other applications may or may not be appropriate.

Note: For simplicity, it is assumed that you are running an Oracle Hotspot JVM.

Read More

4 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Tomcat Configuration, Tomcat Performance

Blog : Setting Up Measurement of Garbage Collection in Apache Tomcat

posted by dmikusa on November 16, 2011 08:15 AM

Have you ever seen this scenario before? A user has deployed an application to a Tomcat server. The application works great during testing and QA; however, when the user moves the application into production, the load increases and Tomcat stops handling requests. At first this happens occasionally and for only 5 or 10 seconds per occurrence. It's such a small issue, the user might not even notice or, if noticed, may choose to just ignore the problem. After all, it's only 5 or 10 seconds and it's not happening very often. Unfortunately for the user, as the application continues to run the problem continues to occur and with a greater frequency; possibly until the Tomcat server just stops responding to requests all together.

There is a good chance that at some point in your career, you or someone you know has faced this issue. While there are multiple possible causes to this problem like blocked threads, too much load on the server, or even application specific problems, the one cause of this problem that I see over and over is excessive garbage collection.

As an application runs it creates objects. As it continues to run, many of these objects are no longer needed. In Java, the unused objects remain in memory until a garbage collection occurs and frees up the memory used by the objects. In most cases, these garbage collections run very quickly, but occasionally the garbage collector will need to run a “full” collection. When a full collection is run, not only does it take a considerable amount of time, but the entire JVM has to be paused while the collector runs. It is this “stop-the-world” behavior that causes Tomcat to fail to respond to a request.

Fortunately, there are some strategies which can be employed to mitigate the affects of garbage collections; but first, a quick discussion about performance tuning.

Read More

3 comments   |  

4
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Tomcat Configuration, Tomcat Performance

Blog : A Finer Point of Apache Tomcat Valves

posted by chanthing on November 10, 2011 10:09 AM

1. Introduction

Valves have been an integral feature of Apache Tomcat since version 4 was introduced over seven years ago. As their name suggests, valves provide a way of inserting functionality within a pipeline, in this case, the Tomcat request / response stream. One simply writes a subclass of org.apache.catalina.valves.ValveBase or a class that implements the org.apache.catalina.valves.Valve interface and then adds an XML element with the valve’s classname to the appropriate configuration file (in most classes as a sub element of Engine in server.xml). Then, at some point (we’ll come back to that) in the processing of a request, your valve’s invoke method will be called. The invoke method gets passed both the Request and the Response objects, and is free to do whatever it likes with them (though having the power doesn’t mean it’s a good idea to use it).

You may be familiar with this paradigm through servlet filters used by web applications to do application-specific processing of the request / response pipeline. The key distinction between servlet filters and Tomcat Valves is that Valves are applied and controlled through the configuration of the application server. Depending on the container definition where the Valve element appears in the Tomcat configuration, the valve could be configured for all applications on the application server, a subset of applications, or even a single application (by locating the Valve element within a given Context).

This is a simple powerful model that has been written about extensively. A Google search on “tomcat valve” turns up a multitude of descriptions, examples, and “how tos”. The Reference Page on “The Valve Component” that ships with Apache Tomcat 7 documents the mechanism thoroughly along with descriptions of the valve implementations that ship by default. So why yet another article on the subject? What do I hope to add to the canon?

The effort started simply enough: The plan was to demonstrate the configuration and use of the ThreadDiagnosticsValve that ships with VMware’s vFabric tc Server, a commercial application server based on Apache Tomcat. Additionally I would write and configure a custom Valve, in this case, a valve to exercise tc Server’s ThreadDiagnosticsValve so that I could demonstrate its use and effects without actually having to have a misbehaving application to trigger it. Not exactly Nobel material, but I thought it would be a useful adjunct to the existing documentation and an interesting exercise.

However, it didn’t go exactly as planned and looking at the reason it didn’t is probably as helpful in understanding Tomcat Valves as the original exercise.

Read More

2 comments   |  

0
Rating
  |  

Developers, Operations | Tomcat Configuration, Tomcat Performance, Tomcat Valves

Syndicate content